Dense flow visualization is a popular visualization paradigm. Traditionally, the various models and methods in this area use a continuous formulation, resting upon the solid foundation of functional analysis. In this work, we examine a discrete formulation of dense flow visualization. From probability theory, we derive a similarity matrix that measures the similarity between different points in the flow domain, leading to the discovery of a whole new class of visualization models. Using this matrix, we propose a novel visualization approach consisting of the computation of spectral embeddings, i.e., characteristic domain maps, defined by particle mixture probabilities. These embeddings are scalar fields that give insight into the mixing processes of the flow on different scales. The approach of spectral embeddings is already well studied in image segmentation, and we see that spectral embeddings are connected to Fourier expansions and frequencies. We showcase the utility of our method using different 2D and 3D flows.


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